Nourishing the body and kidney

Nourishing the body and kidney

Cistanche is sweet, salty and warm in nature.

It has the functions of nourishing kidney yang, replenishing essence and blood, and moistening intestines and laxative.

Traditional Chinese medicine is often used to treat waist and knee weakness, impotence, nocturnal emission, infertility, red vaginal discharge, backache, backache, and dry bowel constipation.

  At the end of April each year, the desert plants in the Northland began to recover.

When you walk into the Tengger Desert, Bataan Jilin Desert in western Inner Mongolia, or the Gurban Tungut Desert in Xinjiang, the Taklamakan Desert, if you are lucky, you will be under the Sosuo Forest or Red Willow ForestA branch of beautiful pink or fuchsia flowers growing in the desert.

If you dig down, you will dig a white fleshy stem with dense scales on the surface and a thin root at the base. This amazing plant is the precious Chinese medicine-Cistanche deserticola.

  Cultivation of the kidney and the kidneys requires the magic desert plant of hibiscus. □ Pengfei Tu Cifei is a parasitic plant that has no roots and chloroplasts. It can not perform photosynthesis.Nutrient life.

There are 4 species and 1 variant of Cistanche in China.

Different species have different host plants. Cistanche desertica growing in western Mongolia and northern Xinjiang is called desert cistanche, and its host plant is Haloxylon.

Cistanche deserticola growing in the south of Xinjiang Tianshan is Tussock Cistanche, and its host plant is Tamarix genus, which is commonly known as red willow.

  Desert Cistanche is generally 10 in diameter?
25 cm, a few up to 30 cm, and a height of 40?
200 centimeters; Cistanche tubulosa plants are slightly smaller, generally 5?
15 cm, height up to 30?
150 cm.

Cistanche has been growing under the desert before flowering. Once unearthed, it will continue to grow for 5 years, 10 years, or even more continuous, but once unearthed, it will bloom and bear fruit, and then the entire plant will wither and die, completing its life cycle.

  Cistanche grows in a special way and has been considered a magical plant for a long time in ancient times.

In the Notes of the Compendium of Materia Medica, noted by the famous medical doctor Tao Hongjingjing of the Liang Dynasty (AD 536) in the Southern Dynasty, “There is a horse in the Doma, it is said that the wild horse was born from the ground, and it was like meat .”

There is also a record in the “Book of Materia Medica” edited by Su Song of the Song Dynasty, “or it was suspected that it was born in Mali, and then was breeding, such as Qian Qian was born in human blood.

“” Means “or suspected to grow in horse urine in the first place, and nourish and grow like horse urine, just like the root of madder in human blood.”

“(Note: Madder root is red. The ancients thought that it was grown in human blood to form red, which is a fallacy.)

It was not clear that Cistanche desertica was a parasitic plant until the late Qing Dynasty, which lifted the mysterious veil of Cistanche desertica.

However, it is difficult for ordinary people to imagine that in arid and barren deserts, it is possible to grow white and tender plants such as Cistanche. Therefore, some people still think that Cistanche is a fungus.

  Ancient narrative cistanche □ Dai Yuguang, Professor of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, has recorded two allusions about Cistanche cirrhosa in “Traditional Chinese Medicine Talks”: In the fifth generation, there was a Lu Zhi likes to be humorous.Medical PhD.

Some officials asked Lu Zhi to write and play Zhangzhuang and asked Tang Zhuangzong to be Chen Ciguan.

Therefore, Lu Xuanbu wrote Chen Xuanbu in his memorial “because he has the talents of honesty and simplicity, and should be calm and calm”, which means that Chen is loyal and honest, and should be a leisurely official.

Among them, “Houpo” and “Congrong” (Zong Rong) are the names of traditional Chinese medicine. The two sentences are used here.

The other is the story of Liu Gongfu and Su Shi, a famous historian of the Northern Song Dynasty.

Father Liu Gong invited Su Shi and other literati bachelors to drink. Su Shi’s disciples had to go home with him when something happened. Su stood up and left. At this moment, Liu Gong was happy and wanted to stay, and said with a smile, “Fortunately, I am calm and calm.

Su Shi replied without hesitation, “Nana, this is Angelica.

When the guests here heard such an answer, they praised the two talents for their wisdom and made a pair.

It turned out that Liu Gong ‘s sentence meant that it was still early. Do n’t worry, but the six words actually contain three flavors of fruits and Chinese medicine, namely apricot, jujube, plum and hibiscus.

The original meaning of the answer is how to deal with it. I must go back to deal with it. The wonderful thing is that the six characters also contain three fruits and one medicine, namely Nai (an apple), sucrose, persimmon and angelica.

  In these two allusions, the ancients used “easy” to imply “Zong Rong”, so why did Zong Rong have this name?

This is mainly due to its medicinal properties.

Herbal medicine is warm but not hot, warm but not dry, tonic without sternness, slippery but not leaking, and has calmness and ease. It is a good product for the elderly and infirm to delay aging and prolong life.

  Tonifying the kidney and laxative is different. Tu Pengfei, a doctoral tutor and professor of Peking University’s Center for Modern Research in Traditional Chinese Medicine, is a well-known effect of Cistanche deserticola.
“Shen Nong’s Materia Medica” records: “Cistanche deserticola, sweetness, lukewarm, main five labor and seven injuries, tonic, remove the cold and heat pain in the stem, nourish the five internal organs, Yijingqi, multiple children, women’s levy, Jiufu light weight”Can be listed as top grade.

“Famous Doctors’ Records” contains: “except bladder qi, low back pain, stop bleeding”.

“Medicinal theory” cloud: “Beneficial marrow, pleasing color, prolongation, treatment of women’s blood collapse, aphrodisiac, sun doubling, great tonic, the main whiteness, tonication defeat, black face injury”.

“Everyday Chinese Materia Medica” contains: “Treatment of men’s absolute yang, women’s yin will not produce, nourish the five internal organs, long muscles, warm waist and knees, men’s ejaculation, hematuria, omissions, women’s carry, Yin pain.
“Ben Cao Jing Shu” said: “Boiled meals, the elderly will be dry and closed.

“” Yuzhen Medicine “contains” nourishing kidney, liver, essence and blood, moistening the intestines and stomach. ”

“In the 2000 edition of the” Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China “, Cistanche” enriched the kidney and yang, nourished the essence and blood, and moistened the stool. ”

For impotence, infertility, weakness in the waist and knees, weakness in the bones and bones, dry bowel and constipation.

“◆ Kidney-tolerance is suitable for both men and women. Kidney-yang is the main function of Cistanche deserticola. It has been used the most frequently among the prescriptions for kidney-yang-enhancing.

Modern medical research shows that Cistanche extract can significantly prolong the freeze-tolerance time of yang deficiency animals, increase the number of mating times and ejaculation rates in mice with low sexual function caused by stress, and even significantly increase the incidence of insulin pills implanted in the seminal vesicles of rats.weight.

  The active ingredients in Cistanche deserticola are phenylethanol glycosides, such as echinacoside, syringin, etc.

It works mainly through two ways: one is to enhance the function of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal, promote the release of related transmitters and hormones in the body, and improve sexual desire; the other is to resist fatigue and improve the body’s function.

  In addition, Cistanche is different from other kidney tonics such as Epimedium and Morinda officinalis.

The difference is two points.

First, Cistanche deserticulates kidneys without hurting the yin, and long-term use generally does not cause symptoms such as fire and dry mouth. Therefore, the “Compendium of Materia Medica” states that it “replenishes but does not finish, so it has a calm number”, which means calmnessKidney tonic; Second, Cistanche tonic is suitable for both men and women, so it can treat both impotence in men and infertility in women.

  Because of the tonic effect caused by Cistanche, it has become one of the most commonly used tonics in the prescriptions of medical doctors of all ages, known as “desert ginseng”.

  ◆ Laxative does not hurt the body Another important function of Cistanche is to moisturize the bowel, which can be used to treat dry constipation.

And its laxative effect is very obvious. Generally, as long as you take 1?
It will take effect in 2 days.

  Modern research shows that the laxative effect of Cistanche is mainly achieved through two ways: first, increase the intestinal osmotic pressure, reduce the absorption of water, and make the stool soft; second, promote the intestinal peristalsis and change the defecation time.

This makes Cistanche a laxative effect different from other laxative Chinese medicines such as rhubarb and senna. It is not a laxative, but a laxative, which makes the stool wet, soft and easy to replace.

Therefore Cistanche defecates without damaging the body, and is especially suitable for elderly people with constipation, maternal and frail patients, and of course it also applies to constipation in the general population.

  New Discovery of Cistanche Function □ Pengfei Tu, Ph.D. Supervisor, Professor of Peking University, Modern Research Center of Chinese MedicineSupport yourself.

  ◆ Enhance memory, correct the aging of the increasing population of Alzheimer’s disease and the increasing cerebrovascular disease, and the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease is increasing.

Coupled with the fierce competition in modern society, everyone is under great pressure, leading to memory loss and the rapid increase in the incidence of fatigue syndrome.

How to prevent and treat early Alzheimer’s disease, how to prevent memory loss has become the cesium that scientists of all countries care about.

  After more than ten years of research, researchers in our group and Japan Yangmingjiu Co., Ltd. have found that Cistanche deserticolata has a significant effect on improving learning and memory, and has obvious curative effects on memory decline and Alzheimer’s disease.

It mainly improves memory and corrects Alzheimer’s disease through 4 ways: ① protect nerve cells and inhibit the solution of nerve cells; ② promote the growth and repair of nerve cells; ③ increase the release of neurotransmitters in the brain; ④ improve brain circulation.

  A large number of animal tests have shown that Cistanche extract has a significant effect on improving learning and memory abilities in normal animals, aged animals and various model animals.

Now, we have made the active ingredients of Cistanche tubulosa into capsules-Cistanche total glycoside capsules. The clinical trials of this drug in 450 cases have shown that it has a significant therapeutic effect on vascular dementia, with an effective rate of 75%.

  Cistanche can not only be used as a neuroprotective agent and cerebral circulation improver, but also have anti-fatigue effect.

It is very useful for military brain workers and patients with memory loss and early stage Alzheimer’s disease.

  ◆ Anti-aging and anti-aging, away from sub-health pharmacological research shows that Cistanche deserticola has obvious anti-aging effects.

Cistanche extract can almost obviously reduce human lipid peroxide (LPO) content, and it can also significantly inhibit the production of lipid peroxide in rabbit blood and mouse liver, and can also significantly extend the life span of fruit flies.

The polysaccharides and mannitol in Cistanche desertica can increase the hydroxyproline content in mouse skin and delay skin aging.

Experiments in aging model mice showed that Cistanche extract significantly improved the ultrafine particles of liver cells and ultrafine particles of cerebral cortex.

  Why is Cistanche anti-oxidant and anti-aging?

Japanese scholar Mentian Zhongli confirmed through research that cistanche extract contained phenylethanol glycosides is an effective ingredient to scavenge free radicals and antioxidants.

  ◆ Protect the liver, keep up your health and improve your health. Mentian Zhongli and other studies have also found that the active extract from Cistanche deserticola has liver-protecting activity.

Chinese scholar Zhang Hongquan further research confirmed that desert cistanche dual can significantly improve the loss of appetite and weight loss in mice, reduce excessive alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, and fight liver damage caused by carbon tetrachloride.
  Cistanche Six asks: How can we take Cistanche directly in our life?

  Professor Tu Pengfei: The easiest way to take Cistanche is to go directly to the pharmacy to buy Cistanche decoction pieces, drink them in water, or make tea.

You can also buy Cistanche medicinal materials, steam them in a boiling pot, cut into thin slices, add boiling water, or make tea.

For people who can drink in moderation, Cistanche is also suitable for making wine. Generally, 500 grams of white wine can make 100 grams of cistanche.

The dosage of Cistanche is different according to different groups of people. Generally, it takes 10?
20 grams is appropriate.
  Second question: Cistanche is mainly used in the clinical treatment, can it be used for food therapy?

Like stewed chicken?

  Professor Dai Yuguang: Cistanche is sweet, salty and warm.

It has the functions of nourishing kidney yang, replenishing essence and blood, and moistening intestines and laxative.
Traditional Chinese medicine is often used to treat waist and knee weakness, impotence, nocturnal emission, infertility, red vaginal discharge, backache, backache, and dry bowel constipation.

Usual amount 6?
12 grams.

Decoction or pills.

In life, Cistanche is rarely used for diet therapy, mainly based on formula. Two regular tests of small prescription are introduced: ① kidney deficiency and deficiency, kidney deficiency caused by impotence, Cistanche deserticola, and 9 grams of leek seeds each.

Decoction, 1 dose daily, even for 1 week, stop for 3 days and then take 1 week.

  ② For habitual constipation, 30 grams of Cistanche deserticola, 15 grams of hemp seed, Angelica sinensis, decoction, daily 1 dose, 5 consecutive doses, and then 1 dose every other day, and then 5 doses, the effect is good.

  In addition, if there is cold pain in the waist and knees and weakness of the bones and bones, Cistanche, Morinda officinalis, Eucommia, Eucommia, Cuscuta and other formulas are often applied.

However, if you have a cold body, you should use Cistanche with caution.

  Question three: How to choose health products with Cistanche as raw material?

  Professor Tu Pengfei: At present, there are some medicines, health products or medicinal liquors made from Cistanche as raw materials, which can be replaced appropriately according to the situation of each person. However, during the replacement process, it is necessary to identify whether there is a formal approval document number, such as whether there is a drug registration number., Whether there is a distance health product document number approved by the Ministry of Health.

  Question 4: Is there a difference in the efficacy of Cistanche between wild Cistanche and artificial Cistanche?

  Professor Tu Pengfei: Cistanche deserticum has been depleted due to long-term excessive mining, and desert cistanche has been listed in Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora and most of the secondary protected plants.

Cistanche tubulosa is relatively rich in wild resources, but its output also decreases sharply every year.

Fortunately, with the long-term efforts of scientists from developing countries, the artificial cultivation of Cistanche tubulosa and desert cistanche have been successful. Currently, more than 80,000 acres of Cistanche tubulosa cultivation bases have been established in Hetian, Xinjiang.Meng has also built a wild artificial breeding base, 3?
Within 5 years, the resources of Cistanche deserticolata will be basically solved, and through the measurement of researchers, it is found that there is no difference in the efficacy and chemical composition of artificially cultivated Cistanche desertica and wild Cistanche deserticola, especially in terms of therapeutic effects. Consumers canEat with confidence.

  Question 5: Is there any alternative for Cistanche?

  Professor Tu Pengfei: We have done a lot of pharmacological research, but we have not found any alternatives, and there are no reports on this in clinical.

Therefore, it can be said that Cistanche is a safe and reliable Chinese medicine.

  Question 6: Is it inappropriate for some people to take Cistanche?

Can people with high blood pressure and diabetes take it?

  Professor Tu Pengfei: Cistanche is basically suitable for all middle-aged and elderly people, as well as pregnant women with constipation.

Hypertensive and diabetic patients can also directly purchase Cistanche decoction pieces, called boiled water, or make tea.

There have been studies reported that Cistanche deserticola has a certain antihypertensive effect, but the antihypertensive effect is not obvious.

However, if you choose a prescription, it is best to use it under the guidance of a practicing physician.

  Expert profile Tu Pengfei, Ph.D., graduated from China Pharmaceutical University, and has been in 1990?
In 1992 he was engaged in postdoctoral research at the former Beijing Medical University.

He is currently a professor and doctoral supervisor of Peking University School of Pharmacy, deputy director of Peking University Center for Modern Research in Traditional Chinese Medicine, a member of the National Pharmacopoeia Committee, a member of the Drug Evaluation Committee of the State Food and Drug Administration, a member of the health food review committee, and a research on China’s high-tech industrializationMember of the Association, member of the National Science and Technology Achievement Award Evaluation Committee, Cistanche research group leader of the Chinese Medicine and Natural Medicine Professional Committee of the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association, and deputy editor of the Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Clinical Pharmacology.

The research results have successively won the first prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award, one third prize, two first prizes of the Science and Technology Progress Award of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and one first prize of the Natural Science Award of the Ministry of Education.

And won the 2001 China Medical Development Award-Diao Medical Science and Technology Award (Chinese Medicine Award) third prize and 2002 Mao Yisheng Science and Technology Education Award-Beijing Youth Science and Technology Award.
  Dai Yuguang, professor, chief physician.

In the early years, he enrolled in the first six-year undergraduate program of the Medical Department of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (now Beijing University of Chinese Medicine).

He has long been engaged in traditional Chinese and western medicine for internal medicine, and is good at treating liver and gallbladder, spleen and stomach diseases of traditional Chinese medicine.

It is the second batch and the third batch of old Chinese medicine tutors in the country, and is also a famous Chinese medicine practitioner in Chongqing.

He is currently an expert on new drug review of the State Drug Administration, vice president of Chongqing Chinese Medicine Association, executive director of the Army Chinese Medicine Association, consultant to the Internal Medicine Special Committee, and member of the National Integrated TCM and Western Medicine Specialty on Liver Diseases.

  Related links Because of the pharmacological effects of cistanche and the clinical efficacy of correction, it has attracted widespread attention from medical researchers at home and abroad. In the past 20 years, transformation studies have been performed, and currently the chemical components of cistanche have been basically replaced.

Different species of Cistanche desertica contain different ingredients, but the main ingredients include the following categories: 1.

苯乙醇苷类及苯丙素苷类成分:包括松果菊苷、洋丁香酚苷、2’-乙酰基洋丁香酚苷、异洋丁香酚苷、木犀苷B、红景天苷、肉苁蓉苷A (B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I), decaffeinated eugenol, etc.

Cycloene ether carbonyls and glycosides thereof include: 8-epimarinic acid, jade-leaf acid, gardenia acid, 8-epiodeoxysuccinic acid, motherwort glycosides, 6-deoxyazithanol and the like.


Lignin glycosides: Liriodendrin, eugenol glucoside, rosin resin phenol, etc.


其他成分:包括丁香素、β-谷甾醇、胡萝卜苷、β-谷甾醇葡萄糖苷-3’-O-十七酸酯、8-羟基-1-牦牛儿苗醇-β-D-葡萄糖苷、Mannitol, galactitol, glucose, sucrose and cistanche polysaccharide, betaine, succinic acid, etc.